The first book fair was held in October, 1947 under the name of Educational Book Exhibition.
The second book fair was held under the name of the Book Fair in Dec. 1954 after the Korean War, and it was organized by the Korean Publishers Association and the National Library of Korea.
The 26th Book Fair was held in 1983 organized by the Korean Publishers Association and the Munhwa Broadcasting Company.
The name was changed to Seoul Book Fair.
The name was officially changed to the Seoul International Book Fair to mark the fiftieth year anniversary of independence. Korean President, Kim Young-sam attended the fair with Fernando Guedes, the president of International Publishers Association.
India was selected as the guest of honor and Canada as the country of culture focus. Korean President, Park Geun-hae attended fair, and special programs included an exhibition on metal types from the Joseon Dynasty, books by Nobel Literature laureates, booths by independent publishers, and a display of books which won awards from the Bologna Children’s Book Fair.